Gibraltar is located at the southern tip of Spain at the entrance to the Mediterranean on the Strait of Gibraltar where the Atlantic Ocean meets the Mediterranean Sea. Located between Europe and Africa, Gibraltar has been for hundreds of years an important base for the British Armed Forces.
Captured in 1704 by Britain, sovereignty of Gibraltar remains a contentious subject between Britain and Spain. As recently as 2002, 98.97 percent of the Gibraltarians voted against a shared sovereignty agreement for Gibraltar between Britain and Spain.
Tiny Gibraltar shares a 1.2 kilometer border with Spain and has 12 kilometers of coasts. The majority of the population lives on the west coast.
The Rock of Gibraltar stands at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea between the southern Spain and Africa. Gibraltar has served as a strategic military foothold for the Moors, the Spanish and British. Today, Gibraltar is a popular tourist destination offering many historical sites as well as unique flora and fauna, caves to explore and a beautiful coastline.
The Rock of Gibraltar, from the air, the sea or the land is impressive as it towers above the surrounding countryside. The Rock is a natural landmark for the Strait of Gibraltar the only sea passageway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The isthmus of Gibraltar is made of limestone and honeycombed with over 140 caves. The limestone was formed by millions of seashells which were hardened into stone on the floor of the sea and then as the crust of the earth shifted and the continents of Africa and Europe formed the limestone floor, which today is Gibraltar, was forced up from the sea floor.
Once an island, today Gibraltar is connected to the Iberian Peninsula by a narrow strip of land. The connecting strip of land or isthmus is a relatively recent creation in the history of the earth. It is probably no more than 120 thousand years old. Historically, biologically, and politically Gibraltar is more like an island but geographically is a peninsula.